Shares in Tesla and California chipmaker Nvidia dove on Tuesday amid fresh worries about the promise of self-driving car technology.
The concerns added to a wider technology sell-off that saw US markets reverse gains notched on Monday as fears of a global trade war receded.
The tech rich Nasdaq index plunged more than 200 points or nearly 2.9%.
The S&P 500 lost 1.73% to 2,612.6 points, while the Dow Jones shed 1.43% to 23,857.7.
Nvidia – a supplier of autonomous driving technology – was among the biggest losers after the company said it had halted self-driving tests on public roads.
Shares, which rose precipitously last year, closed down almost 7.8%
Nvidia's decision follows a fatal crash this month involving a self-driving Uber car in Arizona.
On Monday evening the state said it would bar Uber from future tests until a federal probe is concluded. Other firms, such as Toyota, have also said they will scale back testing on public roads.
Questions about car safety also dogged Tesla, after US safety regulators said they were investigating a fatal accident involving one of its vehicles.
The National Transportation Safety Board said it is examining the fire that occurred after the accident and looking to determine if the autopilot system had been active.
Tesla shares sank more than 8% to less than $280, the lowest price in about a year.
Nvidia and Tesla were among high-flying stocks last year, when markets surged in part due to expectations of deregulation and corporate tax cuts.
2 NTSB investigators conducting Field Investigation for fatal March 23, 2018, crash of a Tesla near Mountain View, CA. Unclear if automated control system was active at time of crash. Issues examined include: post-crash fire, steps to make vehicle safe for removal from scene.
— NTSB_Newsroom (@NTSB_Newsroom) March 27, 2018
End of Twitter post by @NTSB_Newsroom
Their course has been more turbulent this year, as investors grapple with trade tensions, potential rate rises by the US Federal Reserve and other factors.
Facebook and Google's owner Alphabet were also down about 5% on Tuesday, amid ongoing concerns about data privacy protections.