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BBC defends Rivers of Blood broadcast

Enoch powell

The BBC has defended a decision to air Enoch Powell's 1968 "Rivers of Blood" speech on Radio 4.

The Archive on 4 programme, presented by BBC media editor Amol Rajan, will on Saturday broadcast the right-wing MP's anti-immigration speech – voiced by an actor – in full, for the first time.

The decision to do so was criticised as an "incitement to racial hatred".

The BBC said there would be "rigorous journalistic analysis" and the show was not endorsing controversial views.

Delivered to local Conservative Party members in Birmingham, days before the second reading of the 1968 Race Relations Bill, then MP Powell referenced observations made by his Wolverhampton constituents including "in 15 or 20 years' time the black man will have the whip hand over the white man".

He ended with a quote from Virgil's Aeneid, when civil war in Italy is predicted with "the River Tiber foaming with much blood".

The anti-immigration speech ended his career in Edward Heath's shadow cabinet.

The Race Relations Act made it illegal to refuse housing, employment or public services to people because of their ethnic background.

Marking 50 years since the speech, Archive on 4 plans to reflect its enduring influence and significance. The full text will be read by actor Ian McDiarmid, who played Powell on stage in the play What Shadows but is probably best known for playing Emperor Palpatine in the Star Wars films.

But Lord Adonis has called for the broadcast on Saturday to be cancelled, and has written to the regulator Ofcom.

"What is happening to our public service broadcaster?" the Labour peer wrote on Twitter.

He said the speech was the "worst incitement to racial violence by a public figure in modern Britain".

"Obviously this matter will be raised in parliament" should the broadcast go ahead, he wrote to Ofcom.

Earlier this week, Remain supporter Lord Adonis wrote to the BBC to make a formal complaint about its Brexit coverage, describing it as "fundamentally corrupted".

A number of journalists have also criticised the Rivers of Blood broadcast, suggesting it is evidence of racism being "normalised".

Skip Twitter post by @ShehabKhan

The BBC broadcasting Enoch Powell's Rivers of Blood speech shows that not only has racism become normalised, it is now fashionable. Some people will tune in and view the speech as a call to arms and believe, that because it's on the BBC, this line of thinking is acceptable.

— Shehab Khan (@ShehabKhan) April 12, 2018

End of Twitter post by @ShehabKhan

Skip Twitter post by @DPJHodges

The BBC’s decision to promote Enoch Powell’s ‘Rivers Of Blood’ speech is just another example of the creeping normalisation of racism.

— (((Dan Hodges))) (@DPJHodges) April 12, 2018

End of Twitter post by @DPJHodges

Skip Twitter post by @owenjbennett

If broadcasting the whole of the Rivers of Blood speech makes people realise that, yes, it is completely racist, then ok. Otherwise, I can't see any other good reason.

— Owen Bennett (@owenjbennett) April 12, 2018

End of Twitter post by @owenjbennett

One contributor to the programme, Dr Shirin Hirsch from the University of Wolverhampton, has since tweeted that she "made a mistake" in being interviewed for it and was "sick with worry since seeing the way this is being presented".

"We can study racists without platforming and amplifying the racist things they say," said another Twitter user.

The BBC said: "This is a rigorous journalistic analysis of a historical political speech. It's not an endorsement of the controversial views and people should wait to hear the programme before they judge it."

Ofcom said its position as a post-broadcast regulator meant it would not "check or approve any broadcaster's editorial content before transmission".

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